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Tamil - Tamil Calendar - Year, Month, Day

The Tamil calendar is a derivative of the old Hindu solar calendar and is based on the sidereal year (i.e. the time taken for one revolution of the Earth around the sun, or the mean time taken by the sun to return to the same position relative to the background of the fixed stars in the sky). In contrast, most other languages of India (Telugu, Hindi) use lunar calendars.



Todays Daily Sheet Calendar in Tamil

The Twelve Months

The Tamil new year usually falls in mid-April and the calendar consists of twelve months. Unlike the Gregorian calendar, the number of days in a given month can vary between years. Moreover, Tamil months may even have 32 days. For example, the month of Vaikasi had 32 days in 1996 and 31 days in 1998. Similarly, Aani had 31 days in 1996 and 32 days in 1998.

The following table shows when the first day of each month occurs:
No. Tamil month in English Start date 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
10. Thai January 14* 14* 15* 14* 14* 14* 15* 15*
11. Maasi February 12 13 13 13 12 12 13 13
12. Panguni March 14 15 15 14 14 14 15 14
1. Chiththirai April 14+ 14+ 14+ 13+ 13+ 13+ 14+ 13+
2. Vaikasi May 15 15 15 14 14 14 15 14
3. Aani June 15 15 15 15 14 15 15 15
4. Aadi July 17 17 17 16 16 16 17 16
5. Aavani August 17 17 18 16 17 17 18 17
6. Purattasi September 17 17 18 16 17 17 18 17
7. Aippasi October 17 18 18 17 17 17 18 17
8. Karthikai November 16 17 17 16 16 16 17 16
9. Markazhi December 16 16 16 15 15 16 16 16


The Sixty-Year Cycle

Each year in the Tamil calendar has a name. These names follow a 60-year cycle. (The number 60 represents five Jovian periods i.e. it takes Jupiter about 12 years to orbit the sun).

The following table lists the cycle of sixty year names:

No. Name in English Year
1 Prabhava 1987--1988
2 Vibhava 1988--1989
3 Sukla 1989--1990
4 Pramodhudha 1990--1991
5 Prajorpati 1991--1992
6 Angirasa 1992--1993
7 Srimukha 1993--1994
8 Bhava 1994--1995
9 Yuva 1995--1996
10 Dhatu 1996--1997
11 Isvara 1997--1998
12 Vehudhanya 1998--1999
13 Pramathi 1999--2000
14 Vikrama 2000--2001
15 Vishu 2001--2002
16 Chitrabanu 2002--2003
17 Subanu 2003--2004
18 Tarana 2004--2005
19 Parthiba 2005--2006
20 Viya 2006--2007
21 Sarvajit 2007--2008
22 Sarvadhari 2008--2009
23 Virodhi 2009--2010
24 Viruti 2010--2011
25 Kara 2011--2012
26 Nandana 2012--2013
27 Vijaya 2013--2014
28 Jaya 2014--2015
29 Manmatha 2015--2016
30 Dhunmuki 2016--2017
31 Hevilambi 2017--2018
32 Vilambi 2018--2019
33 Vikari 2019--2020
34 Sarvari 2020--2021
35 Plava 2021--2022
36 Subakrit 2022--2023
37 Sobakrit 2023--2024
38 Krodhi 2024--2025
39 Visuvasuva 2025--2026
40 Parabhava 2026--2027
41 Plavanga 2027--2028
42 Kilaka 2028--2029
43 Saumya 2029--2030
44 Sadharana 2030--2031
45 Virodhikritu 2031--2032
46 Paridhabi 2032--2033
47 Pramadhisa 2033--2034
48 Ananda 2034--2035
49 Rakshasa 2035--2036
50 Nala 2036--2037
51 Pingala 2037--2038
52 Kalayukti 2038--2039
53 Siddharthi 2039--2040
54 Raudri 2040--2041
55 Dunmati 2041--2042
56 Dundubhi 2042--2043
57 Rudhrodhgari 2043--2044
58 Raktakshi 2044--2045
59 Krodhana 2045--2046
60 Akshaya 2046--2047

The Seven-Day Week

The Tamil calendar also follows a seven-day week. The names of the seven days are analogous to those used in most other calendars i.e. they correspond to the same celestial bodies Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, in that order.

The following table lists the days of the week in Tamil:

No. Tamil day in English English day
1. Nyaayitru-kizhamai Sunday
2. Thingat-kizhamai Monday
3. Sevvaai-kizhamai Tuesday
4. Budhan-kizhamai Wednesday
5. Vyaazha-kizhamai Thursday
6. Velli-kizhamai Friday
7. Sani-kizhamai Saturday


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